Monday, October 24, 2011

Alila Villas Uluwatu / By WOHA

Bali, Indonesia
Post By:Kitticoon Poopong
Photo © Courtesy of Tim Griffith
This hotel and villa development is designed as an ecologically sustainable development. Located on the dry savannah landscape of the Bukit Peninsular on the dramatic southern cliffs of the Indonesian island of Bali, it comprises of a 50 suite hotel with 35 residential villas.

Photo © Courtesy of Tim Griffith--Hotel villas blend in with landscape
Photo © Courtesy of Patrick Bingham-Hall--Hotel villas blend in with landscape
Photo © Courtesy of Patrick Bingham-Hall--Hotel villas blend in with landscape
Contribution to World Architecture Culture:
The design investigates the potential of the fusion of vernacular architecture with modernist design. The design combines the delights of traditional Balinese pavilion architecture and rural landscapes with modern dynamic treatment of space and form. The design is based from first principles around the pleasures inhabiting the particular site, rather than assembling stereotypical images of Bali or generic resorts.
Photo © Courtesy of Patrick Bingham-Hall--Lobby lounge
Photo © Courtesy of Patrick Bingham-Hall--Poolside view public areas
Photo © Courtesy of Patrick Bingham-Hall--Sunset cabana overlooking Indian Ocean
A unique design language was developed for the project. Rather than the typical steep pitched Balinese pavilions, which would have blocked the views on the gentle slopes, and which are not local to the area, the buildings are instead inspired by the local farmers terraces of loose piled limestone boulders. A terraced low pitched roof was developed using Balinese volcanic pumice rock, which is a natural insulating material and can also support local ferns and succulents. These terraced roofs blend with the landscape, keeping the original wide open panoramas that make the site so unique.
Photo © Courtesy of Tim Griffith
Photo © Courtesy of WOHA & Alila Villas Uluwatu
Photo © Courtesy of WOHA & Alila Villas Uluwatu
The hotel rooms are designed as inhabited gardens, rather than an interior room. The garden walls form the walls of the room, within which sleeping, eating, lounging and bathing occur in a garden environment. Every hotel villa has a pool with a cabana overlooking the sea.
Photo © Courtesy of Tim Griffith--Sunset cabana interiors
Photo © Courtesy of Patrick Bingham-Hall--Sunset cabana interiors
Photo © Courtesy of Tim Griffith
The hillside villas are designed as pavilions linked by bridges across water gardens, tucked into the hillside as terraces. Each villa forms a landscape foreground for the villa behind it.
Photo © Courtesy of WOHA & Alila Villas Uluwatu
Photo © Courtesy of WOHA & Alila Villas Uluwatu
Respect for Context / Planet:
The design focused on preservation of the qualities of the site from the beginning.
The masterplan respects the contours to avoid cutting and fill. All large trees are maintained or transplanted. Site vegetation was surveyed and documented, with specimens sent to Kew Gardens for identification. A site nursery has been started, propagating the native plants which are being used in the landscape rather than exotic species from nurseries. The local plants are adapted to the dry savannah landscape by going dormant in the dry season and flowering spectacularly and will provide a unique seasonal display of flowers. These native gardens will require far less water, and will encourage local animals and birds to remain in the area.
Photo © Courtesy of WOHA & Alila Villas Uluwatu--Sunset cabana
Photo © Courtesy of WOHA & Alila Villas Uluwatu--Sunset cabana
Photo © Courtesy of WOHA & Alila Villas Uluwatu--Sunset cabana
Photo © Courtesy of Patrick Bingham-Hall--Sunset cabana
Materials are all sourced locally – stone walls are using stone from the actual site from the road cuttings, while all other materials are either from Bali or the neighbouring island of Java. Sustainable timbers including coconut and bamboo are used. Craftsmen in Java and Bali are making the interior furniture, lamps and accessories. This strategy makes the development unique in terms of its materials, supports local skills and gives local materials prestige, promoting their use with the locals rather than them aspiring to expensive imported products.
Photo © Courtesy of Patrick Bingham-Hall
Photo © Courtesy of Patrick Bingham-Hall
Photo © Courtesy of Patrick Bingham-Hall
Photo © Courtesy of WOHA & Alila Villas Uluwatu
Environmental Awareness:
The development has been designed from the start to exceed Green Globe 21 requirements. An environmental consultant drafted an environmental plan from the design stage onwards. The contractor has committed to an environmental quality plan for the construction phase, and the hotel operator has also committed to environmental practices for the running of the hotel.
Photo © Courtesy of WOHA & Alila Villas Uluwatu
Photo © Courtesy of WOHA & Alila Villas Uluwatu
Photo © Courtesy of WOHA & Alila Villas Uluwatu
Photo © Courtesy of WOHA & Alila Villas Uluwatu
Environmental techniques used include:
  • Design respects natural contours
  • Rainwater collection and water recycling in retention ponds
  • Aquifer recharging through soaks, swales and rain gardens
  • All wastewater goes to grey water system for watering plants and toilet flushing
  • All sewerage is treated and sewerage water recycled in grey water system
  • Huge overhangs to allow natural cooling
  • Water heating using heat pumps.
  • Landscaping based on natural vegetation to encourage wildlife
  • Landscaping based on dry-climate natural vegetation to save water
  • Recycled and/or plantation and/or renewable timber
  • Materials sourced locally and even on site (eg rubble walls)
  • Saltwater pools rather than chlorine
  • Waste separation and recycling
  • Naturally ventilated public areas
  • Non-chemical termite treatment
  • Non-toxic preservative treatment to timber and bamboo
  • Low energy lighting
  • Nature awareness programs for guests
  • Local community involvement in activities outside of the resort
  • Employment for surrounding villagers
Photo © Courtesy of WOHA & Alila Villas Uluwatu
Photo © Courtesy of Patrick Bingham-Hall--Reception area
Photo © Courtesy of Patrick Bingham-Hall--Warung restaurant interiors
Photo © Courtesy of Patrick Bingham-Hall--Warung restaurant pavilion
The development is an appropriate next step in resorts, where luxury does not mean excessive consumption, but instead delight and enjoyment of the natural beauty and sense of place. The development is gentle, embracing the landscape. It is located in an impoverished, dry, rural area, so replacing marginal agriculture with tourism that generates substantial employment and income for local people. It maintains local flora and fauna. Through showcasing local skills, materials and vernacular elements, it confirms the local people’s opinion that they live in a marvellous place that should be cherished and maintained.
Description from the Architects:
Photo © Courtesy of WOHA & Alila Villas Uluwatu
Photo © Courtesy of Tim Griffith--Public area arcade details
Photo © Courtesy of Patrick Bingham-Hall--Public area arcade details
Photo © Courtesy of Patrick Bingham-Hall--Batik stamps at Cire restaurant
Photo © Courtesy of Patrick Bingham-Hall--Brass and timber cabana screens
Photo © Courtesy of WOHA & Alila Villas Uluwatu
site plan--drawing © Courtesy of WOHA

Video: WOHA's sustainable luxury resort, Alila Villas Uluwatu in Bali Indonesia, won the "World Holiday Building of the Year" at the 2010 World Architecture Festival.

Video: Real Estate Expert and Architectural Designer Markus Canter tours the extraordinary award-winning resort, The Alila Villas Uluwatu.

Project Data
Project name: Alila Villas Uluwatu
Jl Belimbing Sari
Banjar Tambiyak, Desa Pecatu 80364
Bali, Indonesia
P : +62 361 848 2166
F : +62 361 848 2188
E : uluwatu@alilahotels.com
Program: 50 suite hotel with 35 residential villas
Site Area: 14,4642 m2
Built-up Area: 58,635 m2
Gross Floor Area: 26,595 m2
Design Inception: October 2003
Construction Start: June 2005
Completion Year: 1 June 2009 (soft opening)
Project Cost: S$100 million
Exterior Materials: Limestone rubble cladding, Crushed Limestone Render, White sandstone (Batu Putih Jogya), Recycled Ulin timber, Unpolished Terrazzo, Porous lava rocks, Oxidised Brass, Tempered Glass
Interior Materials: Cement Tiles, Polished Terrazzo, Bamboo ceiling, Recycled Ulin timber, White sandstone (Batu Putih Jogya), Bamboo weave (rattan), Cocomat, Leather, Oxidised Brass, Ceramic Tiles, Mirror
Visit Alila Villas Uluwatu's Website: here
  • Royal Institute of British Architects International Award 2011
  • Forbes 2011 - World’s 20 Coolest Hotel Pools
  • EarthCheck – Silver Certification for Environmental & Social Performance
  • World Architectural Festival 2010 - World’s Best Holiday Building
  • Gold Key Awards 2010 - Best Hotel Design - Resort
  • TTG Asia Awards 2010 - Best Resort Hotel of The Year
  • AsiaSpa Awards 2010 - Eco Spa of the Year
  • Conde Nast Traveler USA Hot List 2010 - Best New Hotels in 2010
  • Conde Nast Traveller UK Hot List 2010 - Top New Hotels in 2010
  • EarthCheck (Green Globe) - Building, Planning & Design Standard Certification
The people
Architects: WOHA
Project team: Richard Hassell, Wong Mun Summ, Chan Ee Mun, Ranjit Wagh, Mappaudang Ridwan Saleh, Alan Lau, Lai Soong Hai, Miikka Leppanen, Muhammad Sagitha
Mechanical & Electrical Engineer: PT. Makesthi Enggal Engineering
Civil & Structural Engineer: Worley Parsons Pte Ltd, PT. Atelier Enam Struktur
Ecologically Sustainable Design Consultant: Sustainable Built Environments
Lighting Consultants: Lighting Planners Associates
Quantity Surveyors: PT. Kosprima Sarana Kuantitama
Landscape Consultant: Cicada Pte Ltd
Main Contractor: PT. Hutama Karya
Photographs: © Courtesy of WOHA & Alila Villas Uluwatu, Patrick Bingham-HallTim Griffith

Note>>Location in this map, indicate city/country but not exact address.
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