Tuesday, October 25, 2011

Crater Lake Installation / By 24° Studio

Kobe, Japan
24° Studio
Post By:Kitticoon Poopong
Photo © Courtesy of 24° Studio
The design motive was influenced by the history of the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake of 1995 that led to inevitable changes within built environment sparring only the nature that surrounds Kobe.

Photo © Courtesy of 24° Studio
This devastating experience is remembered by Kobe residents making them a persistent and tight community, but remaining open and friendly to the visitors of the city. Strong social ties between people helped them to overcome the disaster and rebuilt the city making it a better living environment. However in the everyday life without problems and crisis, the face to face social interaction between people is decimating and it is one of the biggest problems in our technology driven time.
Photo © Courtesy of 24° Studio
Crater Lake, an installation — environment where people have a place to meet to observe the beauty of the surrounding environment and more importantly to call forth an emphasis on sustaining social interaction, which was the important catalyst that brought Kobe residents to revitalize their city after the disaster. The installation is situated in the man-made Port Island, Shiosai Park that provides a vast view of the Kobe urban center, its surrounding mountainscape and seascape.
Photo © Courtesy of 24° Studio
Design intent of Crater Lake installation is to take this unique location into advantage; by creating an undulating wooden landscape that provides a variation of open and unconstrained settings with 360° viewing vista.
Photo © Courtesy of 24° Studio
Every surface may be utilized as seating and lying down surface. Additional seating stools are set in the middle of the space that can be reorganized accordingly to the user’s preferences.
Photo © Courtesy of 24° Studio
The gentle hill surfaces invites people of multiple generations by providing spatial conditions that allow to interact with the landscape space like a playground device, relax in the shade of the mount, and socialize by seating in preferred order.
Photo © Courtesy of 24° Studio
Multiple ideas and materials were tested to realize the complexity of smooth and undulating form. Wood was chosen for its strong structural capacity, ease of work with, and natural qualities. One of the main issues was to express continuous and smooth surface without using costly techniques of wood steaming, bending or digital fabrication.
Photo © Courtesy of 24° Studio
The solution was to divide the circular surface into a number of radial parts, with optimal number of 20 parts. Factors that determined this optimal number were, overall surface expression, production schedule, and transportation method (vehicle bedsize). These 20 radial parts were preassembled off the site and transported by a vehicle to the main site of Shiosai Park.
Photo © Courtesy of 24° Studio
Standard wood and off-the-shelf hardware were used in construction to avoid any costly customized fabrication process. 2x4 studs were used for all structural members and 30x60 mm treated cedar wood was used for the surface.
plans--drawing © Courtesy of 24° Studio
elevations--drawing © Courtesy of 24° Studio
The structure of radial parts consists of series of free-form ribs composed in segmentations with horizontal support and cross bracing for rigidity. Each radial segment has 64 surface planks that are attached to three structural ribs that are rigidly connected between each other with horizontal supports.
Application diagram--drawing © Courtesy of 24° Studio
Assembly diagram--drawing © Courtesy of 24° Studio
The surfaces with the most anticipated traffic flow have narrow spacing between each plank. And as the mount becomes higher, the spacing distance of surface planks increases, allowing users to climb the mount. The rising mount resulted from understanding the site and seasonal conditions, functioning as a sun shading and wind protection from the bay winds when sitting at inner area.
Description from the Designer:
Matrix diagram--drawing © Courtesy of 24° Studio
Project Data
Project name: Crater Lake
Location: Kobe, Japan
Creative Flieds: Installation
Project Dimensions: 10 m diameter x 1.7 m height (max)
Completion Year: September 2011

The people
Client / Owner: Kobe Biennale Organization Committee
Artist / Designer: 24° Studio
Principal Designers: Fumio Hirakawa, Marina Topunova
Photographs: © Courtesy of 24° Studio

Note>>Location in this map, indicate city/country but not exact address.
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