Friday, October 29, 2010

Turbulence House : By Steven Holl Architects

New Mexico, United States
Steven Holl Architects 

Post By:Kitticoon Poopong
Steven Holl turned to prefab construction for his Turbulence House, a metal guest pavilion on a windy New Mexican mesa

Photo © Paul Warcho

As its name implies, Turbulence House aims to shake things up. Instead of following the standard method of on-site, wood- or steel-frame construction, this little guesthouse on a windy mesa in New Mexico tests the future, exploring new technologies that harness computer and manufacturing processes. Though the structure measures just 900 square feet, it could impact the way houses are built, according to Steven Holl, the architect who designed it.

Photo coutesy Steven Holl Architects

The clients, artist Richard Tuttle and poet Mei-mei Berssenbrugge, have lived in New Mexico for many years on a compound with a couple of adobe houses, but they wanted something different for their guesthouse. They told Holl, an old friend, they imagined something manufactured like an Airstream mobile home. Holl was intrigued and agreed to work in exchange for one of Tuttle’s mixed-media paintings on plywood. 

Photo coutesy Steven Holl Architects

Although Holl started this project with a watercolor sketch, as he does with all his work, he quickly moved into the realm of the computer. His architectural team created 3D and virtual wire-frame models, developing the building’s form as an extension of the site’s geology. “I imagined the house as the tip of an iceberg, indicating a much larger form below,” says Holl. As a result, the house’s exterior walls slope into the earth, and its curving form appears shaped by the same forces that created the mesa. In fact, he took some cues from nature—carving out a tunnel-like breezeway within the building, for example, to allow the area’s turbulent westerly winds to pass through and cool it, and angling the roof to the south so photovoltaic panels could gather energy from the sun. He also equipped the house with its own cistern to collect water and recycle it, and used neither paints nor any toxin-emitting materials. 

Photo coutesy Steven Holl Architects

Intrigued by the client’s challenge to design a prefabricated home, Holl turned to the A. Zahner Company in Kansas City, Missouri, the sheet-metal fabricator that has worked on most of Frank O. Gehry’s projects. With Zahner, Holl devised an aluminum rib-and-stressed-skin envelope, which merges enclosure with structure. 

Photo coutesy Steven Holl Architects

Photo coutesy Steven Holl Architects

Photo coutesy Steven Holl Architects

Steven Holl Architects 

Steven Holl, AIA, Principal 

the People
Richard Tuttle and Mei-mei Berssenbrugge
Steven Holl Architects
450 W. 31 Street
New York, NY 10001
Steven Holl, AIA
Project Architect:
Anderson Lee
Project Coordinator:
Richard Tobias, AIA
Project Team:
Arnault Biou, Matt Johnson
Associate Architect(s)
Kramer E. Woodard Architects
Structural Engineer:
Delapp Engineering, Santa Fe www.delapp.com
Metal Panel Fabricator:
A. Zahner Company, Kansas City MO www.azahner.com

General contractor:
Chisholm Construction
Albuquerque, N.M.

Paul Warchol
Paul Warchol Photography Inc.
224 Centre Street Fifth Floor
New York, NY 10013
212- 274-1953
the Products
Structural System
Prefabricated Exterrior Wall Panels, A. Zahner Company, Kansas City MO www.azahner.com
Exterior Cladding
– Aluminum: Cladding material is of natural finish Galvalum flat lock seam , A. Zahner Company www.azahner.com
– Galvalum Standing Seam Panels, A. Zahner and General Contractor www.azahner.com
Intercon Concrete, Albuquerque (floor slab)
Discount Glass, Albuquerque
Discount Glass, Albuquerque
Discount Glass, Albuquerque
Interior Finishes
Custom Steel Stair and Bridge, Patio Productions Inc., Albuquerque, N.M.
Cabinetwork and custom woodwork:
Ironwood Industries www.ironind.com, Coupland Texas
Paints and stains:
Integral color plaster, Rio Chama Lath and Plasterers, Espanola, N.M.
Clear waxed poured in place concrete ground floor. Indigenous locally milled, rough cut pine strip flooring at loft
by Owner
J. W. Madison, Electrician
Lifetime Guaranteed Plumbing, Albuquerque
Duravit www.duravit.com
Duravit www.duravit.com
Delta deltacom.deltafaucet.com
Kitchen Appliances
General Electric www.ge.com
via:archrecord--By Clifford A. Pearson
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