Monday, November 15, 2010

Aatrial House : By kwk promes Architects

Opole, Poland
kwk promes Architects
Post By:Kitticoon Poopong
Photo © kwk promes Architects
The house is situated in Poland, close to Opole. Majority of low density settlement in the surroundings is formed of “cube – houses”, buildings typical for the 1970’s.
Photo © kwk promes Architects 
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Photo © kwk promes Architects

One hectare site near the forest, where the building is designed has only one weak point: south-western access. An obvious conflict develops between the driveway and the garden. The idea arose to lower the driveway in order to separate it from the garden. This prompted another idea - of a driveway leading inside to the ground floor level, from underneath the building, which became possible thanks to the creation of an inner atrium with the driveway in it.
Photo © kwk promes Architects

Photo © kwk promes Architects  
Photo © kwk promes Architects
New type of the house
As a result, the building opens up onto all sides with its terraces in an unrestricted manner, and the only way to get into the garden is through the atrium and the house.
This in turn has made it possible to obtain a new spatial model of the house, which is the reverse of an atrial building. The aatrial house is closed to the inside and opened to the surroundings.
Photo © kwk promes Architects 
Photo © kwk promes Architects
Structure and materials
The gateway is situated in the highest point of the site sloping to the east side. The 10 metres wide driveway following slope’s declivity, was additionally lowered underneath the ground level, while the garden was partly raised above this level. As a result, the garden is separated from the driveway and the surroundings with a 2.5m high retaining wall. The building was situated on the garden level. For the sake of neighboring buildings, typical polish “cube – houses” arisen it 1970’s, the structure of the house results from various transformations of a cube.
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Photo © kwk promes Architects 

Photo © kwk promes Architects
As a result of stretching and bending particular surfaces of the cube, all the walls, floors and ceilings were defined, together with inner aatrium and terraces. This principle of formation has not only created the structure of the house, but also defined interior and exterior architecture, including use of materials. The building is a reinforced concrete monolith, and concrete is at the same time the finishing material of the transformed cube, while all additional elements are finished with dark ebony.
The driveway and retaining walls were made out of quarried granite blocks, the material characteristic for the surroundings.
Photo © kwk promes Architects 
Photo © kwk promes Architects
1763293265_10 1763293265_10 
Photo © kwk promes Architects 
Photo © kwk promes Architects
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Photo © kwk promes Architects 
Photo © kwk promes Architects 
1573341774_site-plan site plansite plan--drawing courtesy of kwk promes Architects1950716124_ground-floor-plan ground floor planground floor plan--drawing courtesy of kwk promes Architects
244241457_first-floor-plan first floor planfirst floor plan--drawing courtesy of kwk promes Architects

2090428593_section sectionsection--drawing courtesy of kwk promes Architects
1716223600_axonometry axonometryaxonometry--drawing courtesy of kwk promes Architects
843754545_idea-diagram idea diagram 01idea diagram 01--drawing courtesy of kwk promes Architects
1803533455_idea-diagram-02 idea diagram 02idea diagram 02--drawing courtesy of kwk promes Architects

The people
Architects: kwk promes Architects
Location: Opole, Poland
Project Architect: Robert Konieczny
Collaborators: Marlena Wolnik, Łukasz Prażuch
Design Year: 2002-2003
Construction Year: 2003-2006
Site Area: 10,057 sqm
Constructed Area: 660 sqm
Photographs: KWK PROMES

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