Monday, November 1, 2010

Dutchess County Guest House : By Allied Works Architecture

Dutchess County, New York 
Allied Works Architecture
Post By:Kitticoon Poopong
Allied Works Architecture explores hierarchies of viewing with a guest house in Dutchess County, New York.

Photo © Hélène Binet
Not surprisingly, enlisting dramatic means to frame the landscape has obsessed any number of architects over the centuries. Windows, colonnades, arcades, loggias, and pergolas all represent architectural interventions that heighten the perception of the landscape for its observers.

Photo © Dean Kaufman
While early Modernists, such as Le Corbusier, Rudolph Schindler, and Richard Neutra, demonstrated how linear structural elements could achieve this framing effect with a minimum of materials, Brad Cloepfil, of Allied Works Architecture, takes this impulse to an even more abstract level. For a 1,300-square-foot guest house in Dutchess County, New York, he designed a linear, 8-by-8-inch square-tube steel frame to contain the single-story volumes of a two-bedroom cottage, and continued it outdoors to demarcate the forest setting. Cloepfil enclosed the walls of the structure with santos mahogany and clear low-E glass so that the building fits chameleonlike into its thicket of oak, hickory, and birch trees. Mahogany continues on the roof plane as well, since it will be visible from the main house (also designed by Cloepfil) being built on a hill to the west.

Photo © Jeremy Bitterman
The clients, a married couple who collect art, wanted the guest house to be somewhat near their weekend home, yet still afford all parties a sense of privacy. Perched on a small rise, the rectilinear structure’s living and sleeping areas face east, where they overlook a meandering creek.

Photo © Jeremy Bitterman
By conceiving the guest house as a series of six rectilinear bays, four of which are 23 by 21 feet, the other two, 23 by 13 feet, Cloepfil and his team from his New York City office created an open, boxlike steel frame that rests on poured-in-place-concrete foundation walls. The frame acts as a continuous interlocking cantilever that runs along the ground and roof, with seven columns placed at diagonally opposite corners of each bay, to allow views to open up from within. This perceptual exercise can be read most clearly at the terminating bays, which are not enclosed: The frame adjoining the north end of the living room hovers above the grassy ground, while at the south end, the cantilevered outdoor frame adjoining the master bedroom delineates an imaginary ceiling. The ground cover, a thick growth of ferns and grasses, installed by landscape architect Michael Van Valkenburgh Associates, provides the “carpet.”

Photo © Hélène Binet
Detailing the joints of the steel frame and wood panels for moisture and extreme temperatures proved “intense,” in the words of the lead architect for the project, Kyle Lommen. Since the steel frame would be exposed outside, the architects needed to avoid thermal transfer and condensation within. They designed the columns so they are not contiguous but have a thermal break, preventing cold temperatures from being conveyed to the interior. With the horizontal beams that run on the floor and ceiling, the architects had to devise strategies for heating the structure inside so there would be no thermal bridging, and hence no condensation. 

Photo © Hélène Binet
The attention to craftsmanship that extends throughout the guest house can be seen in the design of the oak cabinetry, which, along with the house’s simplicity, scale, and size, handsomely evokes its early Modern architectural predecessors. The choice of materials, such as slate and mahogany floors, and the interiors by Lisa Frazar Design, provide a calm setting for the art on display, which includes paintings by Mel Bochner and Adam McEwen. A concrete entry bridge by Lawrence Weiner sets the tone for the experience.

Photo © Alejo Bague
But it is the framing of the views that rivets the observer’s attention. Not only is the natural setting delineated—as would be expected—by virtue of expansive glass panels held within mahogany mullions, but the exterior steel framing elements limn smaller glimpses of nature. The hierarchies of private, semi-private, semi-open, and open spaces become so integral to the perceptual experience that no matter where you are sitting in the house, you have the view, as well as the view within the view. 

Photo © Alejo Bague

the People

Allied Works Architecture, Inc.
12 West 27th Street
New York, NY 10001
Principal: Brad Cloepfil, AIA
Project Lead: Kyle Lommen
Project Architect: John Clappi, Dori Raskin
Project Team: Daniel Richmond, Aron Himmelfarb
Interior designer:
Lisa Frazar Design LLC
Curtain Wall:
R.A. Heintges & Associates
Michael Van Valkenburgh Associates, Inc.
George Sexton Associates
Tucker Associates Consulting Engineers
Robert Silman Associates
General contractor:
Berkshire Wilton Partners, LLC
Hélène Binet 
tel: 011 44 207 209 9596
Dean Kaufman
718 857 3848
Jeremy Bittermann
971 570 2020
CAD system, project management, or other software used:

the Products

Structural system:
Steel Frame Wood Infill
Exterior cladding
Steel frame finish:
Tnemec paint
Santos mahogany (manufacturer unknown)
Fluid applied membrane roofing:
Decothane by LiquidPlastics
Dynamic Architectural Windows and Doors
Wood entrance doors:
Dynamic Architectural Windows and Doors
Interior wood doors:
St. John’s Bridge
Exterior sliding doors:
Dynamic Architectural Windows and Doors
Door knobs:
Cabinet hardware:
Doug Mockett and Co.
Interior finishes
Cabinetwork and custom woodwork:
Custom cabinetry: St. John’s Bridge
Paints and stains:
Benjamin Moore
Wood wall panels: St. John’s Bridge
Special surfacing:
Floor and wall tile
Stone floor in mudroom: Stone Source
Wall and floor tile in bathrooms: Ann Sacks
Custom design by Allied Works Architecture
Interior lighting:
Exterior decklights:
Vola faucets throughout
AFNY shower and bath fixtures
Duravit bathroom sinks
Kohler tub
via:archrecord--By Suzanne Stephens
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